The Danube flows from the Black Forest mountains in Germany till the Danube Delta biosphaere reservation in Romania at the Black Sea. Between hazard and heritage the water itself is a vulnerable habitat as praised in art works and shown by an analysis of the natural landscape.
Maria Bostenaru 2018 / CC BY
Danube Delta natural landscape
In the European Year of Cultural Heritage 2018 the INTERREG project DanURB aims to explore heritage across the Danube. Binding so many European countries, the Danube is best place for a European strategy highlighting common heritage, also natural.
We explored natural heritage including threats to it such as floods, and natural parks as Duna-Ipoly around Visegrád in Hungary or Banatska Clisura, across of the similar natural park in Serbia, at the Serbian-Romanian frontier, both places of the Danube Swabians, up to the UNESCO biosphaere reservat in the Danube Delta. Another UNESCO biosphaere is situated at Silistra in Bulgaria. We wrote an article about the Iron Gates hydropower in Banatska Clisura on Le Notre. The two natural parks, Serbian and Romanian, should be unified to a biosphare reserve. The first natural park starts shortly after the springs in Donaueschingen, where Brigach and Breg meet. The spring should be renaturated. Similar ecological reconstruction was explored on the Bulgarian side of the Danube in Giurgiu. The castle where the Kings of Romania come from is in the Upper Danube natural park, which features stones like the Danube in Passau, where there are nature and landscape protected areas, and nature monuments. The next important natural area is the Danube meadow in Vienna. Another natural park is Balta Mica a Brailei, a wetland similar to that in Vienna, Braila being one of the sites of Romanian projects we wrote about. In Vienna, which is one of the cities with most green, parts of the Danube meadow and the Danube island are part of a more than 100 years old Green Belt while other parts were embeded in landscape shows such as WIG64. New features such as wind energy and Japanese cherry trees were added. Also Croatia features an important natural park.
The natural landscape is bound to immaterial heritage such as Walzers (Johann Strauß and Iosif Ivanovici) and novels by Jokai Mór featuring both the landscape (Iron Gates) and the flood threats (1838 flood in Budapest), or by Carmen Sylva, the Queen of Romania. 2013 floods affected Passau as once in 100 years, but also the Romanian segment featured floods in 2006 with reconstruction in Rastu Nou.
In fact, the Danube marked also migration of the so-called Danube Swabians and the arrival of the royal family to Romania.
The original LE:NOTRE Projects were co-funded by the European Union's Socrates and Lifelong Learning Programmes.
The LE:NOTRE Institute has been established by ECLAS as foundation under Netherlands Law.