Site info/tools
Select Language
Forgotten your password?          
Another kind of green belt
The belt of Vauban fortifications in Alba-Iulia

The 18th century Vauban citadel of Alba Carolina in Romania, constructed by Giovanni Morando Visconti during the times of the Habsburgic empire was restored 2010-2013 after 100 years of neglect. August was an eventul month there, with the Dilema Veche festival and a symposium about the future of Romanian heritage.

The entrance to Alba Carolina, with fortification, and the two churches
The entrance to Alba Carolina, with fortification, and the two churches
Alba Iulia exists since Roman times (named Apulum), and has a special importance for Romanian history since here the unification of provinces took place. The unification room will be place of pilgrimage the coming year, at the 100 years anniversary of the second unification, after that of Mihai Viteazu in the Middle Ages (1600-1601). The Roman ruins were integrated in the circuit.
Giovanni Morando Visconti was one of the most important representants of military architecture, works of whom can be found also elsewhere in Romania, such as Cluj-Napoca. The original plans are kept in different locations in Europe, including in Karlsruhe, Germany and are worth more dedicated research. But Alba Iulia is his representative work. 
The Vauban like fortress was not only restored, but the walls were configured as urban public space for the promenade of the visitors who come here to see the monuments and the change of the Austrian guard. Different transport means are available.
This was the biggest restoration project in Romania, but the authenticity of the works is subject of discussion.

Source of Report


[No Literature assigned yet]

Related Website(s):

previousprevious nextnext

07. Sep 2017
Reported by Maria BOSTENARU DAN


Citadel (en)

Recent 'Urban Public Space' Stories

Towards new pedestrian routes in central Bucharest

A Garden Bridge for London

London's Oxford Street has worst NO2 levels world-wide

Major conservation plan presented for President's House, New Dehli

Train delivery

Public space photo exhibition about public space event


Taksim Square debate continues

The Bearpit Improvement Group, Bristol, UK

Landscape project wins prize at the Romanian Architecture Biennale 2014

Fairs in the park

Helsinki Guggenheim project

Spotlight festival, Bucharest

Park and cultural activities as extension to shopping

150 Years Vienna Ringstrasse

Festival at the palace

Redesigning squares in Bucharest

Villa Medici in Rome gardens finalist at "Il parco piu bello d'Italia"

Public spaces – what do we know about them?

Bucharest candidate for European capital of culture 2021

Frei Otto exhibition in Karlsruhe

Public spaces of Christmas markets

Roundtable "The city and the monument"

Art in public space in sector 3 in Bucharest

New green spaces on KIT Campus

Timfloralis - Festival of flowers in Timisoara

Energy landscape pavillion