COST RELY, which recently had a series of online lectures, aims to explore renewable energy and landscape quality. At the last meeting in Thessaloniki also a local hydropower was visited.
Maria Bostenaru 2008 / CC BY
Porțile de Fier hydropower (1964-1972) is a major
hydropower in Romania, one of the major European ones and the largest on the
Danube. The water level raised with 35m through the construction. An island,
Ada Kaleh and some localities on the Romanian side, including also the old city
was relocated and Ogradena Nouă, Ogradena Veche, Ieșelnița – nowadays Eșelnița, Tufări,
Jupalnic, Coramnic, Vârciorova,, were evacuated and are lost landscapes with
the construction of the hydropower. The sturion fishes were affected, but apart
of this on both Romanian and Serbian sides natural protection parks were
created. The Roman ruins in the area, including those of the bridge of Drobeta
are major attractions apart of the national park. The lake is until the
confluence with Tisza, but the main part is in the Danube defile, between
Baziaș and Orșova. Orșova, the relocated city, presents one of the seminal
works of modern church building.
The energy production Porțile
de Fier I is 1080 MW and Porțile
de Fier II is 250 MW
There is an ongoing doctorate
in Germany by ARNOŠT ŠTANZEL on hydropower in Romania with the title Die
Wasserwirtschaft in Rumänien und der Tschechoslowakei: Von Wasserträumen und
Wasserräumen im Staatssozialismus.Ein umwelthistorischer Vergleich (The water economy in
Romania and Czechoslovakia: from water dreams and water spaces in socialist
states. A comparison of environmental history)
In the book Space and time visualisation the contribution of Gabriela Osaci-Costache and Iuliana Armas explored the lost island of Ada Kaleh, which is aimed today to be rebuilt.
The original LE:NOTRE Projects were co-funded by the European Union's Socrates and Lifelong Learning Programmes.
The LE:NOTRE Institute has been established by ECLAS as foundation under Netherlands Law.